What Is Stress?
Over the last 100 years, a lot of research has been done on stress. Some of the theories presented for explanation are now well-documented and accepted. But others are still in the study and dialogue continues. During these years, competition between theories and definitions has always existed and different views have been raised and strongly defended.
What makes this situation more complicated is that all of us feel we know intuitively what stress is, because we’ve experienced it all occasionally. Therefore, the definition of stress should be clear, but not at all.
Hans Selye is one of those who has made the first research on stress. His view of 1956 was that “stress is not necessarily a bad thing, and it depends only on how you get it. Stress that comes from challenging creative work is beneficial, while stress from disability, feelings of humiliation or weakness is detrimental. ” Sheila believed that the biochemical effects of stress, regardless of whether the situation is positive or negative, is experienced by the individual.
Since then, much research has been done in this field and many ideas have been developed. Today, stress is a bad thing that comes with a bunch of harmful biochemicals and long-term negative impacts. These effects are rarely seen in positive situations.
The most accepted definition of stress (mainly attributed to Richard S Lazarus) is that stress is the condition or emotion that a person has when he or she feels that his needs are beyond the personal and social resources available. In short, emotional stress is given to us when we think that control of things has been taken out of our hands.
We also know that there is an instinctive stress in dealing with unexpected events. So part of the stress we experience is instinctive, and part of it depends on how we think.
War or escape
Some early studies conducted by Walter Cannon in 1932 focused on the existence of a “war or escape” reaction. His work showed that when a living creature experiences a shock or risk, it quickly secretes hormones that help to survive.
In humans, like other animals, these hormones help us fight faster or fight harder. They increase heart rate and blood pressure and give more oxygen and glucose to important muscles to increase their strength. These hormones increase sweating to keep the muscles cool and help maintain their function. Circulate the blood from the skin and send it to the center of the body to lose less blood if it is injured. And these hormones also focus our attention on risk and eliminate everything else. All this greatly increases our ability to survive in situations where our lives are at stake.
But not the only threats that trigger these reactions: Usually, whenever we encounter unexpected situations or something that blocks our goals, this reaction is observed. When the threat is small, our response will also be small, and we usually do not react to the various stressful situations.
Unfortunately, this body mobilization also has its own negative consequences for survival. In this situation, we become anxious, disturbed and irritable. This situation really makes us able to work effectively with others. Due to tremor and severe heartbeat, it is difficult to perform tasks accurately and to control abilities. Our intense focus on survival, by eliminating a lot of information that could be obtained from other sources, disrupts our ability to properly judge the situation. We feel a lot of ourselves at risk, which makes us lose the ability to make the right decision.
In modern work life, it is very useful for these stress-induced responses. Most situations require an attitude of relaxation, rationality, control, and social sensitivity.
In short, we must take control of this war or escape response in order to be more effective in our work. In other words, in order to avoid health problems and burnout, we must control stress.
The ideas of ” good stress ” and “bad stress” were introduced by Hans Polish, one of the first researchers in stress. She believed that a small amount of stress encouraged animals and humans to behave more actively, while high-stress levels disrupted their performance.
Other people have had similar results since then, and in their results replaced the idea of stress with the idea of pressure. With this explanation, the pressure is an important idea. But nowadays, stress is considered to be bad in all circumstances due to the inconvenience and lack of control it brings.
As a result, ideas of good stress and bad stress are no longer useful. Indeed, even these ideas can be harmful, because they may encourage an administrator to exert stress on them to provoke their people. The error in this approach is not a difference between stress and stress.
Stress can cause serious health problems, and in extreme cases, it can lead to death. Although there are techniques for controlling stress that have a positive impact on stress management, these techniques are the only guide, and readers should make recommendations if they are concerned about health problems associated with excessive stress or if stress has caused severe or prolonged discomfort. Take health care professionals seriously. Talk with your healthcare provider before changing your diet or activity level.